20 November, 2019

Regional Dialogue for Forest Dependent Indigenous Peoples, Other Forest Dwellers and Southern CSOs in Asia-Pacific: REGIONAL REPORT

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I.Introduction

The Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) is a global partnership that has been assisting 48 tropical countries in the Africa, Asia-Pacific and Latin America and Caribbean (LCR) regions in their efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and forest degradation; support forest carbon stock conservation; sustainably manage forests; and enhance forest carbon stocks (commonly termed REDD+). The Facility consists of representatives of REDD countries, financial contributors, private sector, southern civil society organizations (CSOs), and forest-dependent Indigenous Peoples (IPs). During recent years, the FCPF through a Capacity Building Program (CBP) has been channeling funds to provide forest-dependent IPs, other forest dwellers and southern CSOs with information, knowledge and awareness on REDD+ in order to enhance their understanding of key principles and processes, and by extension their capability to engage more meaningfully in the implementation of REDD+-related activities and programs.

The CBP has had two phases of funding starting in 2009. In Phase 2, which is coming to its set closing date in December 2019 in the Asia-Pacific and Africa regions, and in June 2020 in the LCR region, IPs organizations (IPOs) and CSOs from the three regions have been empowered as Intermediary Organizations to distribute financial and technical support to southern CSOs and IPOs selected by them from FCPF countries in their respective regions. The Intermediary Organizations in the Asia-Pacific Region are Tebtebba (Indigenous Peoples’ International Centre for Policy Research and Education, focusing on forest-dependent IPs) and the Asia Network for Sustainable Agriculture and Bioresources (ANSAB, focusing on southern CSOs).

Several capacity building initiatives have been funded under CBP Phase 2, ranging from awareness raising on REDD+, climate change, preparation of national Emission Reduction Programs (ERPs) and how to ensure broad participation in Readiness, customary land tenure assessments, training on community-based carbon accounting and monitoring, gender analysis to better inform ERP Document (ERPD) design and development, and piloting of benefit-sharing models. Consequently, targeted forest-dependent IPs and southern CSOs have been demonstrating increased understanding of the subjects, and their visibility and participation in various country level dialogues have increased.

 

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Annex 6.1

Annex 6.2

 

Project Assessment Workshop Report

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FCPF Capacity Building on REDD+ for Forest-Dependent Indigenous Peoples in East Asia and the Pacific and South Asia Region Project

 

Executive Summary

The regional project assessment was organized under Component 2 (Sub-component 2.1: Regional Learning and Exchange) with the following objectives: 1) To bring together representatives of indigenous peoples and their organizations involved in capacity building sub-projects financed by the project to share their experiences and good practices in project implementation;  2) To identify facilitating and hindering factors in sub-project implementation for IPs and other forest dwellers; 3) To unite on possible ways to address hindering issues and concerns and maximize good practices; and 4) To discuss additional capacity building needs of IPs and other forest dwellers.

The workshop gathered 23 participants from sub-grantee organizations, representatives of the Regional Steering Committee (RSC), ANSAB and the World Bank (WB).  The workshop opened formally with a prayer and words of welcome from the RSC, WB and Tebtebba. The agenda included presentations, work groups, and questions and answers.

The project provided capacity building sub-grants to seven (7) organizations in the Kingdom of Bhutan - Royal Society for Protection of Nature (RSPN) and Tarayana Foundation); Republic of Fiji - Grace Trifam Ministry (GTM) and Soqosoqo Vakamarama iTaukei Trust Board (SSV)); Republic of Vanuatu - Vanuatu Foresters Association (VFA); and Socialist Republic of Vietnam – Hoa Binh Cooperative on Agriculture, Forestry and Environment (Hoa Binh) and International Center for Highland Ecosystems Research (ICTHER). SSV is a national women’s organization. Direct beneficiaries are indigenous peoples and other forest dwellers living in remote communities and students.  Representatives of governments at national and local levels and other REDD+ stakeholders participated in some of the activities.

The sub-projects focused awareness/training activities on topics related to climate change, forest management, REDD+, benefit sharing and forest carbon accounting albeit at different levels.  Trainings were delivered bilingually (English and the national languages) to address technical terms and in most cases in collaboration with governments. Some sub-grantees translated training materials, and developed information materials.

At least four organizations were conscious and made efforts to increase women’s participation by including women facilitators in the team, providing time for women to finish household chores, not allowing women to prepare food for the training, directly encouraging women to participate, having women only focused group discussions, allowing them to take a seat of their choice and partnering with government women’s organization.

Working with and developing partnerships with governments, national and/or local, has facilitated implementation of sub-projects.  In Vietnam, the sub-grantees worked very closely with the provincial, district and commune offices while in Bhutan, collaboration was at national and local levels. In the Pacific, they work with the national REDD+ offices through the CSO platform and/or directly with the concerned agencies. 

Major constraints to sub-projects implementation were the very short time for delivery, REDD+ related technical terminologies with no exact translations in national/local languages, and unfavorable weather conditions exacerbated by geographic locations of communities. To complete the sub-projects, extensions of the implementation period were requested.  Some sub-grantees addressed difficulties on technical terms by synchronizing these with communities’ definitions, started the discussions from simpler topics and participation in related trainings to improve their own capacities. 

Other challenges included training fatigue, poor qualities and confusing REDD+ messages from previous activities outside the sub-projects, low literary and limited knowledge of direct beneficiaries, lack of appropriate materials, and no tangible outputs.  There were expectations that the sub-projects will provide support for livelihoods.  Particular to Vietnam is the time consuming and numerous papers required to secure a permit to proceed with implementation.

Forest in Bhutan is government owned, communities are management partners only but they can use forest provided they abide by government rules and procedures. Devolution of forest carbon rights to communities is still in progress and remains a challenge.   However, the country is not contemplating to enter the carbon market given the size of its forest so the REDD+ national office is emphasizing non-carbon benefits especially alternative livelihoods.

Improving women’s participation was hindered by their multiple roles including income generation which is compounded when women and youth have to work away from home.  For Tarayana which worked closely with community forest management groups, only few women are able to fulfill their financial obligations hence are dropped from the group.  In the case of SSV, one constraint that contributed to the non-completion of the sub-project was the unfulfilled commitments of two partners.  Poor access roads affected pregnant women’s participation.

Overall, the good partnerships/relationships developed between governments and sub-grantees contributed the successful and timely completion of the sub-projects.  In addition are the trust and good working relationship of some sub-grantees with the recipient organization, and sub-grantees’ presence in the communities, communities’ interest and trust to sub-grantees, existence of traditional structures, vitality of traditional knowledge and customary practices on natural resource management and prior knowledge on climate change.

 

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Amplifying Voices, Building Synergies: A Regional Workshop on the Forest Carbon Parnership Facility (FCPF) Capacity Building on Redd+ For Forest-Dependent Indigenous Peoples in East Asia and the Pacific (EAP) and South Asia Regions (SAR) Project

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WORKSHOP REPORT

 

INTRODUCTION

About FCPF

Among the social and environmental safeguards that were agreed under REDD+ is the right of indigenous peoples (IPs) to participate fully and meaningfully in REDD+ related processes and to ensure that the collective rights of IPs as they relate to their lands and territories are safeguarded during REDD+ design and implementation. To facilitate this, IPs requested the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) for an allocation for capacity building activities specifically for IPs.  This request was discussed in regional and global dialogues between the IPs and FCPF. As a result, the establishment of a capacity building program for IPs was agreed in Doha, Qatar after the UNFCCC COP18 in 2012. This was then approved by the FCPF Participants Committee as the Capacity Building Program (CBP) of the Readiness Fund on REDD+ for forest-dependent IPs, Southern Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) and other forest dwellers. The objective of the CBP is to provide beneficiaries with information, knowledge, and awareness on REDD+ to enhance their understanding on REDD+, and to enable them to engage more meaningfully in the design and implementation of REDD+ readiness activities and emission reduction programs.  The aim is to support activities that empower and enable these stakeholder groups, to enhance and influence REDD+ development outcomes, and also to strengthen mechanisms for inclusion, accountability, and participation.

The FCPF is a global partnership of governments, donors, private sector, civil society, and IPs focused on REDD+.  It is managed by the World Bank with the following objectives: a) assist countries in their REDD+ efforts by providing them with financial and technical assistance in building their capacity to benefit from possible future systems of positive incentives for REDD+; b) pilot a performance-based payment system for REDD+ activities, with a view to ensuring equitable benefit sharing and promoting future large-scale positive incentives for REDD+; c) test ways to sustain or enhance livelihoods of local communities and to conserve biodiversity; and d) disseminate lessons learned.

The CBP has two components, one for IPs and another for Southern CSOs and local communities – each implemented in sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, and Asia and the Pacific through projects. For IPs in the East Asia-Pacific and South Asia regions, Tebtebba Foundation (Indigenous Peoples’ International Centre for Policy Research and Education), a non-government organization with consultative status to the UN-ECOSOC, was chosen to be the Recipient and implementer of the project. The Facility Management Team (FMT) of the FCPF, housed at the World Bank, acts as the Secretariat of the FCPF, and as such it is responsible for the overall management of the CBP at the global level.  At the project level, the World Bank is represented by the Task Team Leader and her team who directly assist Tebtebba in achieving project objectives on an ongoing basis, and ensuring that grant proceeds are used solely for the purposes for which these were granted in accordance to the grant agreement signed between Tebtebba and the World Bank.

The beneficiaries of the project are forest-dependent IPs and their representative ‎organizations and institutions in the ten FCPF eligible countries in Asia and the Pacific‎ ‎namely: Kingdom of Bhutan, Kingdom of Cambodia, Republic of Fiji, Republic of ‎Indonesia, ‎Nepal, Independent State of Papua ‎New ‎Guinea, Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Kingdom of Thailand, Republic of Vanuatu and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. These countries are eligible to participate ‎in regional learning and exchange activities (activities funded under Component 2 of the project). Of these ‎10 countries, indigenous organizations/institutions from six countries were eligible to ‎participate in national-level activities (under Component 1 of the project) and have implemented REDD+ capacity building sub-projects for forest-dependent IPs in their respective countries, financed by the project. These countries are Kingdom of Bhutan, Republic of Fiji, Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Independent State of Papua New Guinea, Republic of Vanuatu, and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

Prior to the implementation of national level activities (Component 1), a Regional Steering Committee (RSC), composed of IP organizations from the eligible FCPF countries in the region, was set up to act as an external advisory body and to ensure transparency. A regional IP network, in this case the Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP), is represented and serves as the convenor. The RSC reviewed all proposals submitted against the selection criteria and made recommendations to Tebtebba for final approval and funding of national level activities. Tebtebba is responsible for the overall implementation, coordination, grievance management, M&E and reporting of project activities.

 

About the Regional Workshop

Under Component 2 (Sub-component 2.1: Regional Learning and Exchange), a regional workshop was organized to share knowledge products on REDD+, good practices and lessons learned from implemented capacity building sub-projects and other knowledge generated by the project. The “Amplifying Voices, Building Synergies: A regional workshop on the FCPF Capacity Building on REDD+ for Forest-Dependent Indigenous Peoples in EAP and SAR Project” was held at Prince Palace, Bangkok, Thailand on 2 – 4 October 2018 which was organized by Tebtebba. The regional workshop involved indigenous peoples’ organization (IPO) representatives from the Kingdom of Bhutan, Kingdom of Cambodia, Republic of Fiji, Republic of ‎Indonesia, ‎Nepal, Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Kingdom of Thailand, and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Also among the participants were national government representatives from Kingdom of Bhutan, Kingdom of Cambodia, Republic of Fiji, ‎ Independent State of Papua ‎New ‎Guinea, Islamic Republic of Pakistan, and the Kingdom of Thailand. There were also representatives from donors such as World Bank and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Annex 1 provides the complete list of participants of the regional workshop.

This regional workshop brought together the above participants to facilitate knowledge sharing and to foster south/ south exchange on good lessons learned from implementation of national level activities. The implemented activities have generated notable results which were shared during the regional workshop. Some of the results include: (i) piloting of the  Adaptive Collaborative Management Approach (ACMA) to help inform the future implementation of Vietnam ERP’s benefit sharing mechanism, trained and formed two (2) FPIC/trainors team and provided trainings to cooperative leaders and members on the rights, roles and responsibilities of forest owners, REDD+ and related laws/policies and issues; (ii) in Bhutan, trained community members on integrated watershed management and  community-based forest monitoring, natural resource management and REDD+ readiness in Bhutan, formed a local level REDD+ group, and documented traditional practices on natural resource management (initial); (iii) prepared baseline case studies on perceptions on REDD+, and trained indigenous Fijians on climate change and (iv) conducted a regional Customary Land Tenure analysis to inform the land tenure assessment of Nepal, Fiji and Vietnam, and this regional workshop. Over all, to date, over 4,668 indigenous peoples benefited from capacity building trainings of which 1,918 are women.

 

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Into the Forest video.

 

Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Capacity Building on REDD+ for Forest-Dependent Indigenous Peoples

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FOREST CARBON PARTNERSHIP FACILITY CAPACITY BUILDING ON REDD+ FOR FOREST-DEPENDENT INDIGENOUS PEOPLES

IN EAST ASIA AND THE PACIFIC AND SOUTH ASIA REGIONS PROJECT

(P153585, FCPF Grant No. TF0A3570)

 

FIFTH PROGRESS REPORT

June 30, 2019

 

BACKGROUND

This Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) Capacity Building Project (CBP) on REDD+ for forest-dependent indigenous peoples in East Asia and the Pacific (EAP) and South Asia Regions (SAR) Project is funded under Phase two of the Readiness Fund of the (FCPF) which is managed by the World Bank (WB).   The parent project was to be implemented from October 31, 2016 to October 31, 2018 but it received a share from an additional financing (AF) approved by the 23rd PC in March 2017.  To accommodate additional activities to be funded by the AF, the closing date was extended to December 31, 2019.

Its objective is to provide forest-dependent indigenous peoples with information, knowledge, and awareness on REDD+ to enhance their understanding on REDD+, and to enable them to engage more meaningfully in the implementation of REDD+ readiness activities.  The aim is to support activities that empower and enable these stakeholder groups, to enhance and influence REDD+ development outcomes, and also to strengthen mechanisms for inclusion, accountability, and participation. It is being implemented through the WB’s “Procedures for Small Recipient-Executed Trust Fund Grants”. 

 

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FCPF Side Event UNPFII18

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